Although Time Machine is the best backup program for Mac, it can only backup to Mac, external Hard Driver only for Mac or Airport time capsule. In many scenario people use time machine to backup to windows based machines file systems. A file system organizes large numbers of files on some sort of data storage medium (most commonly a disk drive, CD-ROM or DVD). Mac and PC computers use different primary file systems which is why a program like Mac Time Capsule is necessary and easiest way to help time machine backup Mac data to windows .
Windows uses two primary kinds of file systems FAT (File Allocation Table) and NTFS (New Technology File System). You will find three versions from the FAT file system: FAT12, FAT16 and FAT32. FAT12 and FAT16 came from within theDOS days. They’d exactly the same kind of problems HFS had because of growing disk size. FAT32 was produced to easea few of these problems, however it continues to have restrictions just like a maximum file size of 4GB. NTFS was produced for Windows NT. It doesn’t have as numerous restrictions because the FAT systems as well as includes necessary security and reliability features. Recent versions of Windows (NT, 2000, XP, Vista, etc.) support both file system types, but older versions of Windows (95, 98, Me) don’t natively support NTFS.
The two common versions of Mac file systems (or volume formats) are standard HFS and Mac OS Extended (or HFS+). HFS came into beingin early stages within the existence from the Macs line when disks had relatively small capabilities. Restrictions made an appearance within this format when hard drives increased large in size. Mac OS Extended (or HFS because it was initially known as) is comparable to HFS however, many of their internal structures were transformed to support the altering needs of contemporary personal computing. The main variations backward and forward are layed out below. HFS is the best for small volumes or individuals that might be utilized on older systems (before OS8.1). Mac OS Extended is the best for bigger volumes as lengthy as they’re not going to be utilized on older systems. Mac OS 10.3 introduced a brand new iteration of HFS known as HFSX. HFSX is essentially just like HFS , however it enables for brand new file system features to become specified. One particular feature is situation sensitive file/folder names. The filenames “fname”, “Fname” and “FNAME” would really make reference to exactly the same file in HFS/HFS , however they would make reference to different files in HFSX when the situation sensitive feature was switched on.
- Compatible with all Mac OS versions
- File names limited to 31 characters
- File sizes limited to 2GB
- Large volumes with small files waste a lot of space.
Mac OS Extended (HFS+):
- Compatible with Mac OS8.1 and later
- 255 character Unicode file names
- No file size limit
- Less wasted space
Mac OS Extended (HFSX):
- New in OS X 10.3
- Purpose is to allow extended features that will not be compatible with HFS+
- One major feature is to allow case sensitive file names
There are several differences in the way Macs and PCs deal with files. On a PC, a file appears as a single sequence of bytes which can store any type of information. On a Mac there can be two separate parts to a file called forks that are linked to one name. The data fork is the equivalent of a file on the PC. It can contain any type of data which may be used by an application. The resource fork contains Mac specific resources (menus, fonts, etc.). It is generally of no use on a PC. When files are copied from a Mac to a PC the resource fork is usually discarded. One situation where the resource fork would be used is when moving fonts between systems, but a conversion application will still be needed to convert the font.
In a word, due to different file systems, Time machine can not save the backup data to windows machine share space. But with the help mac time capsule, now you can easily backup time machine data to a windows based machine.